Colonialism can have many lasting impacts on certain countries throughout the world. Some of these influences can be constructive and lead to beneficial legacies, but some can have very negative on-going affects. Val Kalende’s article “Africa: homophobia is a legacy of colonialism” The Guardian, April 30 2014 claims that the homophobia in Africa is a legacy that was introduced during colonial times. I agree with Kalende’s argument because of her precise evidence regarding the issue. According to Kalende, many traditional cultures were tolerant of different sexualities and gender relations before colonialism. When colonisers arrived in Africa, they realised that by turning the indigenous people against each other and making them feel divided, they would be able to conquer Africa. These invasive methods of divide and conquer worked like a charm for many of the colonialists. They were able to colonize many areas of Africa and do what they wanted with the people and the resources that inhabited the land. Kris Manjapra, M.N. Roy’s book “Marxism and Colonial Cosmopolitanism” maintains the overarching ideology that all human ethnic groups form community based on shared morality. This philosophy is applicable to the case described in Kalende’s article. This specific shared morality throughout ethnic groups in Africa has spread throughout their communities and become widely accepted as part of African culture. Although lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered people are frowned upon by many African people; this is only our present situation. Perhaps in the near future Africa will follow the lead of North America and will eventually move towards inclusive human rights.